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Important Current Affairs 1st December 2019

BSF Celebrated its Raising Day

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended greetings to Border Security Force (BSF) personnel on the organization’s 55th raising day (01st December 2019).

• The BSF was raised in 1965 with the specific purpose of manning Indian borders as the ‘First Line of Defence’ against infiltration, smuggling, and military assault.

Govt launches drive to enroll 1 cr beneficiaries under two pension schemes

• The government has launched a drive to enroll one crore beneficiaries under the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maandhan (PM-SYM) and the National Pension Scheme for Traders and Self Employed Persons (NPS-Traders) by March next year.

• Labour and Employment Minister Santosh Kumar Gangwar launched the drive to mark the celebrations of Pension week. Stating that both the schemes are simple and hassle-free, an Aadhaar card number along with a savings bank account or Jan-Dhan account are needed for enrollments.

Exercise Mitra Shakti – VII Between India and Sri Lanka Commences in Pune

• The seventh edition of Exercise MITRA SHAKTI- 2019 amongst the armies of India and Sri Lanka commenced at Aundh Military Station, Pune on 01 December.

• The exercise is aimed at enhancing interoperability and operational efficiency as well as build and promote positive relations between both the armies in the field of military cooperation and engagement for refining the interoperability and operational preparedness.

Soma Roy Burman Takes charge as new Controller General of Accounts (CGA)

• A 1986-batch Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) Officer, Smt Soma Roy Burman has been appointed as the new Controller General of Accounts (CGA), Ministry of Finance, Department of Expenditure with effect from December 1, 2019.

• Smt. Burman is the 24th CGA and 7th woman to hold the position.

• Prior to this, she served as Additional Controller General of Accounts in the office of CGA

Shri Hari Mohan Appointed as Chairman of Ordnance Factory Board

• Shri Hari Mohan, a 1982-batch Indian Ordnance Factories’ Service (I.O.F.S.) officer, has taken over the charge as Chairman of Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) on December 01, 2019.

• He succeeds Shri Saurabh Kumar who superannuated from the services.

Iraqi PM Adel Abdul Mahdi resigns amid anti-government protests

• Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi has submitted his resignation to Parliament amid ongoing anti-government protests across the country. The formal resignation came after an emergency cabinet session in which ministers approved the document and the resignation of key staffers, including Abdul Mahdi’s chief of staff.

• Barham Salih is the current President of Iraq.

Baghdad is the capital of Iraq.

The Iraqi dinar is the currency of Iraq.

Union Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju Launch 3rd Khelo India Youth Games in Guwahati

• The launching ceremony of the Composite Logo, Mascot, Jersey and Theme song of the third edition of Khelo India Youth Games 2020 took place at Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi Indoor Stadium, Sarusajai, Guwahti, Assam on November 30, 2019.

• The event was jointly inaugurated by Assam Chief Minister Sarbanada Sonowal in the presence of Kiren Rijiju, Union Minister of State (I/C) for Youth Affairs and Sports.

• The 2020 Games will be held from 10 January 2020 to 22 January 2020.

• It will be conducted in partnership with the Indian Olympic Association (IOA), School Games Federation of India (SGFI), and Assam as the host State.

• The event will be held in 20 disciplines with the participation of 37 States and Union Territories.

Lewis Hamilton wins Abu Dhabi Grand Prix to Clinch 11th Title of the Season

• The Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton has won the 2019 Formula 1 season finale Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, held on December 1, 2019, to end the season with 11th title.

• With this Lewis Hamilton successfully defended the World Drivers’ Championship title for the second year running and sixth world drivers’ title overall.

• Red Bull’s Max Verstappen finished runner-up while Ferrari driver Charles Leclerc came third.

World AIDS Day: December 1

• The World AIDS Day is observed across the globe on 1 December every year since 1988 to raise awareness of the AIDS pandemic caused by the spread of HIV infection

• The theme for the World Aids Day 2019 is “Communities make the difference”.

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Important Current Affairs 30th November 2019

India Ranks 12th among 61 nations in 2019 Global Diplomacy Index, China Tops

• China has overtaken United States in 2019 Global Diplomacy Index, for having more diplomatic posts across the world than any other country, as per the Australian think tank Lowy Institute.

• According to the Sydney-based Lowy Institute, China has 276 embassies and consulates worldwide, which is three more than the US.

• India is 12th among the 61 countries with 186 embassies and consulates worldwide.

• United States (273), France (267), Japan (247), and Russia (242) makes the top five nations in the index.

Government appoints Deloitte as advisor for BPCL stake sale

 • The Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) has appointed Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Ltd as advisor for the strategic sale of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL).

• Completion of the stake sale in India’s second-largest state-owned oil refiner by March 2020 could help the government mobilise more than Rs 60,000 crore, or $8.4 billion, and narrow the fiscal deficit.

Mukesh Ambani becomes 9th richest person in the world with net worth of $60.6 bn

• As per the Forbes ‘The Real-Time Billionaires List’ released on November 28, 2019, Reliance Industries chairman Mukesh Ambani has become the 9th richest person across the globe, having net worth of $60.6 billion.

• He was ranked at 13th position with $50 billion wealth in March 2019 and made a gain of over $10 billion in just eight months to be placed at 9th position.

• This progress comes as Reliance Industries, the country’s most valued firm, became the first Indian company to touch Rs 10 lakh crore market capitalisation (m-cap).

• Ambani has overtaken Google’s Larry Page ($59.6 bn), Michael Bloomberg ($54.7 bn), Charles Koch ($42.8 bn) and David Koch ($42.8 bn).

• Top 5 wealthiest person in the list are:

1.         Jeff Bezos – Amazon ($112 billion)

2.         Bernard Arnault & family – LVMH ($107.2 billion)

3.         Bill Gates – Microsoft ($107.1 bn)

4.         Warren Buffett –  Berkshire Hathaway ($86.9 billion)

5.         Mark Zuckerberg – Facebook ($74.9 billion)

Former RBI deputy governor H R Khan to head micro-finance panel CRL

• Shri. H R Khan has been appointed as the first chairman of the steering committee of the Code for Responsible Lending (CRL) in micro-credit. HR Khan is a Former deputy governor of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

• Microfinance Institutions Network (MFIN) and Sa-Dhan had jointly unveiled the ‘Code for Responsible Lending’ (CRL) for the micro-credit industry in September 2019.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to inaugurate 3rd Military Literature Festival

 • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh will inaugurate the third edition of the three-day Military Literature Festival (MLF) in Chandigarh from December 13-15, 2019.

• The MLF is a joint initiative of the Indian Army with the Punjab government and the Chandigarh administration.

• It will present an international-level forum to foster exchange of knowledge about military literature and associated works, besides acquainting youths with the glorious military heritage.

Ben Stokes, Dina Asher-Smith win top SJA British Sports awards

• England’s all-rounder Ben Stokes and 200m World Champion Dina Asher-Smith were voted as sportsman and sportswoman of the year at the Sports Journalists’ Association (SJA) British Sports Awards.

• While Stokes secured more votes than six-time Formula One world champion Lewis Hamilton, Smith received more votes than a fellow athlete and Heptathlon World Champion Katarina Johnson-Thompson.

Full list of winners:

• Sportsman of the Year: Ben Stokes (cricket)

• Sportswoman of the Year: Dina Asher-Smith (athletics)

• Team of the Year: England men’s cricket

• JL Manning Award for Services Off the Field of Play: Tracey Neville MBE (netball)

• SJA Bill McGowran Trophy for Achievement in Para Sport: Aled Davies MBE (para athletics) and Alice Tai MBE (para swimming)

• SJA Chairman’s Award: Ellen White (football)

• SJA Committee Award: John Gosden OBE (horse racing)

• SJA Pat Besford Award for Outstanding Performance of the Year: Katarina Johnson-Thompson (athletics)

• SJA Peter Wilson Trophy for International Newcomer: Jofra Archer (cricket)

• SJA President’s Award: John Blackie (athletics)

• World Sport Achievement Award for an Outstanding Achievement Competing Internationally: Josh Warrington (boxing)

Malayalam poet Akkitham wins Jnanpith Award 2019

• Malayalam poet Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiri has won the Jnanpith Award 2019. He is popularly known by the name “Akkitham”.

• He is the sixth literary personality from Kerala to achieve the Jnanpith Award. This was the 55th edition of the award.

• Arkham has published more than 45 books based on poetry, anthologies, plays and short stories.

• The Jnanpith Award is an Indian literary award presented annually by the Bharatiya Jnanpith to an author for their “outstanding contribution towards literature”.

Joint Military Training (JMT) between India and Singapore held in West Bengal

• The 10th edition of joint military training (JMT) between Indian Air Force (IAF) and Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) is being held at Kalaikunda Air Force Station, West Bengal from Oct 31 to Dec 12.

• Sea training component has been introduced for the first time in the joint military training (JMT).

Renowned Freedom fighter & former MP Laxminarayan Nayak passes away

• Laxminarayan Nayak, a centenarian freedom fighter and former MP, passed away in Niwari town in Madhya Pradesh due to age-related illness. He was 101.

• Nayak represented Khajuraho Lok Sabha seat from 1997 -1980.

United Nations Development Programme launches Accelerator Lab in India to work on tackling pollution

• The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has launched the India chapter of its new initiative, Accelerator Labs, to address major issues facing India, including air pollution.

• The Indian lab has been housed at UNDP India office in New Delhi on November 28, 2019.

• It will be among the 60 global labs that will find, test and try to scale up innovative solutions that can help combat both climate change and social inequity.

• The aim of the initiative is faster progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the UN with 2030 as the deadline.

• The Accelerator laboratory has partnered with the Indian government’s Atal Innovation Mission to achieve its objectives.

Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare: 30 November

• The United Nation recognised Day of Remembrance for all Victims of Chemical Warfare is held every year on November 30 since 2005.

• The day marks tribute to the victims of chemical warfare, as well as to reaffirm the commitment of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to the elimination of the threat of chemical weapons, thereby promoting the goals of peace, security, and multilateralism.

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Important Current Affairs 29th November 2019

First International Conference on “Landslides Risk Reduction and Resilience-2019” Held in New Delhi

• Minister of State for Home Affairs, G Kishan Reddy inaugurated the 1st International Conference on “Landslides Risk Reduction and Resilience” in New Delhi.

• While addressing the Conference, Mr Reddy called for developing technology to anticipate disasters like landslides and develop infrastructure to quickly respond to minimise the damage.

• The Minister said that landslides have attracted global attention as they may cause huge havoc on communities, live stock, environment leading to huge loss of lives.

National University of Singapore tops QS World University Asia Rankings 2020; IIT Bombay top Indian

• The National University of Singapore has been named Asia’s best university in the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Asia Rankings 2020.

• From India, IIT Bombay is the top-ranked institute at 34th rank. IIT-Delhi (IIT-D) dis ranked at 43. India has 96 universities ranked.

• Nanyang Technological University is on second and the University of Hong Kong is on third.

Uddhav Thackeray takes oath as Chief Minister of Maharashtra

• Uddhav Bal Thackeray has sworn-in as the 19th chief minister of Maharashtra.

• He is the president of Shiv Sena. He was sworn-in as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra by Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari at a grand ceremony held at the Shivaji Park.

• Uddhav Thackeray is the first member from Thackeray family to become the Chief Minister and the third Shiv Sena leader to hold the top post after Manohar Joshi and Narayan Rane.

• Thackeray had been unanimously elected as the leader of the tri-party alliance — Maha Vikas Aghadi.

India successfully test fires Spike anti-tank missiles in MP

• In Madhya Pradesh, the Indian Army has successfully test fired two Spike long-range anti-tank missiles at Mhow.

• Army Chief General Bipin Rawat and several commanders witnessed the firing of the newly acquired missiles.

• Spike is a fourth generation missile which can engage any target with precision at ranges up to 4 kilo metres.

• The Spike long-range anti-tank missiles will bolster the Army’s fire power capability.

PM Modi announces $400-mn line of credit to Sri Lanka to boost development

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi has announced Line of Credit (LoC) worth USD 400 million to Sri Lanka to boost the island nation’s development.

• Beside this, India will also extend 50 million dollars Line of Credit to Sri Lanka to fight terrorism.

IFFI awards 2019: Complete list of winners:

• Golden Peacock Award: Particles

• Best Director Award: Lijo Jose Pellissery (Jallikattu)

• Best Actor (Male) Award: Seu Jorge (Marighella)

• Best Actor (Female) Award: Usha Jadhav (Mai Ghatt: Crime No. 103/2005)

• Special Jury Award: Balloon by Pema Tseden

• Best Debut Feature Film of a Director: Amin Sidi Boumediene for Abou Leila, Marius Olteanu for Monsters

• ICFT –UNESCO Gandhi Medal: Rwanda

• Special mention: Hellaro

Government to Merge 3 UP RRBs to form Baroda UP Bank

• The Ministry of Finance has decided to amalgamate three regional rural public sector banks  of Uttar Pradesh namely Baroda Uttar Pradesh Grameen Bank, Kashi Gomti Samyut Gramin Bank and Purvanchal Bank into a single regional rural bank.

• These banks will be amalgamated on April 1, 2020 and will be called Baroda UP Bank.

• The Bank of Baroda will sponsor the new Baroda UP Bank and will be headquartered at Gorakhpur.

• Currently, Bank of Baroda is the sponsor of Baroda Uttar Pradesh Grameen Bank,

Union Bank of India is the sponsor of Kashi Gomti Samyut Gramin Bank and

State Bank of India is the sponsor of Purvanchal Bank.

HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Launches three books for children authored by Dr. Anita Bhatnagar Jain

• The Union HRD Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched three books namely Kumbh, Garam Pahad and Dilli ki Bulbul (Sindhi edition)in New Delhi on November 27, 2019.

• These three books are a collection of stories for children and has been authored by popular writer of children’s books and travelogues and 1985 batch IAS, Dr. Anita Bhatnagar Jain.

• The book brings out environmental issues and topics like socio-cultural unity & cultural heritage in a very simple and interesting manner.

International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People: November 29

• The International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is a UN-organized day held every year on November 29.

• It is observed to mark the anniversary of resolution 181, wherein the Assembly adopted the resolution on the partition of Palestine on November 29, 1947.

Renowned US rock climber, Brad Gobright, passes away after fall in Mexico

• One of the world’s most renowned rock climbers, Brad Gobright, passed away after falling off a mountain in Mexico.

• The 31-year-old from California, fell about 300 meters to his death on the El Sendero Luminoso climb at El Potrero Chico peak in northern Mexico.

Yasuhiro Nakasone, one of Japan’s longest-reigning Prime Ministers, has passed away at the age of 101.

• Former Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone has passed away. He was 101.

• Yasuhiro Nakasone was the longest-reigning prime ministers of the country.

• He served as Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Liberal Democratic Party from 1982 to 1987.

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Important Current Affairs 28th November 2019

Uddhav Thackeray takes oath as Maharashtra CM

• Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray was sworn-in as Chief Minister of Maharashtra at Shivaji Park in Mumbai after he was named as the leader of the Shiv Sena-NCP-Congress alliance called the ‘Maha Vikas Aghadi’.

• Uddhav is the first Thackeray family member to become Maharashtra’s CM. Governor BD Koshyari will administer oath to Uddhav

47th All India Police Science Congress Organised in Lucknow

• The All India Police Science Congress (AIPSC) began at DGP headquarter in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh on November 28, 2019.

• The two-day 47th AIPSC was inaugurated by Puducherry Lieutenant Governor and retired IPS officer Kiran Bedi.

• The event has been organised by the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD).

• Lucknow is hosting the event for the second time, since the inception of the Annual Mind Churning exercise in 1960. It last hosted the AIPSC in 1997

LS passes Bill to merge Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu UTs

• The Lok Sabha passed the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Bill, 2019.

• The Bill was introduced in Lower House of the Parliament by Minister of State for Home Affairs G Kishan Reddy.

• Merger of the two Union Territories (UTs) located along western coast, was proposed for better administration.

DEFCOM INDIA 2019 seminar commences on 26 Nov

• A two-day seminar “DEFCOM INDIA 2019” took place in New Delhi on November 26-27, 2019.

• The theme of the seminar was “Communications: A Decisive Catalyst for Jointness”.

• It was jointly organized by Corps of Signals, Indian Army and Society of Indian Defence Manufacturers (SIDM) / Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

WATEC 2019 Conference Held at Tel Aviv in Israel

• The 8th edition of the World Water Technology and Environmental Control (WATEC) Conference and Exhibition 2019 was held at David InterContinental, Tel Aviv, Israel from November 18-21, 2019.

• The focus of WATEC 2019 was “Water Stewardship and Innovation – driving global leadership in the responsible planning management, and protection of water”.

• The Minister of Jal Shakti, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat represented India at the WATEC Conference.

• WATEC 2019 provided a comprehensive forum where water industry executives, academia, institutional investors, venture capitalists, analysts, and other experts have the opportunity to shape the future collaboration of the water technology arena.

ISRO has built ‘Vikram’ processor to guide future rockets

• ISRO has designed and built a processor named “Vikram”, which will be used in all future Indian rockets to guide and control them.

• The Vikram Processor guided the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C47 (PSLV-C47) rocket, which carried India’s Earth-imaging satellite ‘Cartosat-3’.

• It was the first time the indigenously designed processor was used in PSLV-C47 rocket.

• India has two family of rockets — PSLV and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). The ISRO is also developing a Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) with a capacity to carry 500 kg satellites.

• The Vikram Processor is used for rocket’s navigation, guidance and control and also for general processing applications.

RBI announces the Framework on Currency Swap Arrangement for SAARC countries

The Reserve Bank of India has announced the revised Framework on Currency Swap Arrangement for SAARC countries 2019-2022 to improve financial stability and economic cooperation within the SAARC region.

• The Framework is valid from November 14, 2019 to November 13, 2022. Based on the terms and conditions of the Framework, the RBI would enter into bilateral swap agreements with SAARC central banks, who want to avail swap facility.

• SAARC Currency Swap Facility came into operation on November 15, 2012. SAARC has 8 member countries.

Odisha to host Men’s Hockey World Cup in 2023

• The Men’s Hockey World Cup in 2023 will be played in Bhubaneswar and Rourkela city of Odisha.

• The announcement regarding this was made during a ceremony conducted by Hockey India and the Department of Sports, Government of Odisha at the Kalinga stadium.

• This comes after the Executive Board of the International Hockey Federation (FIH) on November 8 announced that India will be hosting the Men’s Hockey World Cup in 2023.

Former Navy Chief Admiral Sushil Kumar passes away at 79

• Former Navy Chief Admiral Sushil Kumar passed away at the age of 79 years due to illness.

• Sushil Kumar led the Indian navy during the Kargil War, was a specialist in hydrography and amphibious warfare.

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Important Current Affairs 27th November 2019

ISRO successfully launches India’s Earth imaging satellite Cartosat-3

• ISRO successfully launched India’s Earth imaging satellite ‘Cartosat-3’ from SatishDhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.

• The Cartosat-3, India’s third-generation agile advanced satellite with high-resolution imaging and mapping abilities, has also been successfully injected at an orbit of 509 km.

• ISRO’s PSLV-C47 rocket also carried 13 nanosatellites of the US.

India Ratings projects India’s GDP growth for FY20 at 5.6%

• Fitch group firm India Ratings and Research has projected India’s GDP Growth rate for FY20 (2019-20) at 5.6%. Earlier this prediction was 6.1%.

• The new projection suggests that 2QFY20 (second quarter of 2019-20) GDP growth is likely to be 4.7 percent.

India to host naval drill Milan 2020 in March

• The Indian Navy will host military drill ‘Milan 2020’ in March which will witness the participation of several countries, Minister of State for Defence ShripadNaik said.

• In a written response to a question in the RajyaSabha, Naik said 41 nations from South Asia, Southeast Asia, Africa and Europe that share defence cooperation with India have been invited for the drill.

• The countries to whom invitations have been sent are Indonesia, France, Mozambique, Sudan, Israel, Qatar, Thailand, Malaysia, Australia, Somalia, Kenya, Egypt, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Myanmar, New Zealand, USA, Tanzania, Comoros, Maldives, Brunei, Philippines, Japan, UK, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Mauritius, Cambodia, Singapore, South Korea, South Africa, Kuwait, Iran, Madagascar, Bangladesh, Russia, Djibouti, Eritrea, Bahrain, UAE and Seychelles

RBI imposes penalty on three co-operative banks

• The Reserve Bank of India penalised three cooperative banks — Nesargi Urban Co-operative Bank Limited, Krishna PattanaSahakar Bank Niyamitha and Ron Taluka Primary Teachers’ Cooperative Credit Bank Limited — for non-submission of returns under Section 27 (2) of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949.

• Krishna PattanaSahakar Bank Niyamitha was fined Rs 40,000 while Nesargi Urban Co-operative Bank Limited and Ron Taluka Primary Teachers’ Cooperative Credit Bank was fined Rs 20,000 each.

• RBI said this action was in exercise of the powers vested in it under the provisions of Section 47 A (1) (c) read with Section 46 (4) of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (as applicable to cooperative societies) for non-submission of the returns under Section 27 (2) of the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (AACS).

• The Reserve Bank of India said it had issued a show-cause notice to the banks, in response to which the bank sought personal hearing.

Odia Weightlifter JhiliDalabehera Bags Prestigious EkalabyaPuraskar 2019

• Odisha-based globally acclaimed weightlifter Jhilli Dalabehera has been named for the prestigious Ekalabya Award 2019.

• JhilliDalabehera has won two gold, three silver and one bronze medals in international weightlifting events between April 1, 2017 and March 31, 2019 to emerge as the clear winner for the 27th Ekalabya Award.

• The annual award is instituted by Indian Metals Public Charitable Trust (IMPaCT) and comprises a cash prize of Rs 5 lakh along with a citation.

Cartoonist Sudhir Dhar passes away at 87

• Renowned cartoonist Sudhir Dhar passed away at the age of 87 years.

• He had worked with several newspapers in his career spanning 58 years. Dhar began his career with The Statesman in 1961 after which he moved to Hindustan Times.

• Cartoons by SudhirDhar have also appeared in The Independent, The Pioneer, Delhi Times, New York Times, Washington Post and Saturday Review among others.

           

Arun Kumar Shukla appointed CMD of Hindustan Copper Ltd

• Arun Kumar Shukla has been appointed as chairman and managing director (CMD) of Hindustan Copper Ltd, a Personnel Ministry order said.

• Shukla is at present director (operations) in the state-owned firm.

• He has been appointed to the post till the date of his superannuation,i.e. July 31, 2023, the order said.

• Hindustan Copper Ltd is the vertically integrated copper producing company that manufactures copper right from the stage of mining to beneficiation, smelting, refining and casting of refined copper metal into downstream saleable products.

Romania president Klaus Iohannis wins second term

• Klaus Iohannis was elected for a second term in Romania’s presidential election on 24 November, giving the executive power to the country’s center-right.

• According to partial results, he won with more than 66% of the vote, defeating his rival, former Prime Minister VioricaDancila from the Social Democratic Party (PSD), who had 34%.

• Iohannis, former physics teacher and mayor of Sibiu, became president in 2014 and has been credited by the EU with trying to protect the rule of law.

• Romania’s president is elected every five years, with a maximum of two consecutive terms.

SpiceJet, Emirates sign codeshare agreement

• SpiceJet said it has signed a codeshare agreement with Emirates that will allow passengers of the Dubai-based airline to book tickets on the Indian budget carrier using Emirates’ ticketing system from early 2020.

• While passengers of Emirates will be able to access the SpiceJet network from early 2020, SpiceJet passengers travelling from India to Dubai can take benefit of Emirates’ expansive network later, opening up multiple international connections

for them.

• The codeshare agreement means travellers from across the globe can book a single ticket with attractive fares to any of Emirates’ nine points across India and connect onwards to 172 domestic routes that are part of SpiceJet’s network.

• The codeshare agreement follows the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) by both airlines in April this year.

Atanu Das wins men’s recurve bronze at Asian Archery Championships

• Archer Atanu Das won bronze in men’s recurve individual event at the Asian Archery Championships.

• Das defeated Jin Hayek Oh of South Korea 6-5 to bag the medal.

• He had also won a bronze in the recurve mixed team event with DeepikaKumari

• Indian archers are competing as neutral athletes due to suspension of the Indian federation over the election of two presidents of the Archery Association of India in June this year.

CII bestows India’s first Quality Ratna award on Chairman of Sundram Fasteners’, Mr Suresh Krishna

• The Chairman of Sundram Fasteners Ltd Suresh Krishna has been awarded the ‘Quality Ratna’ award by trade body Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

• The award was given by the CII Institute of Quality during its 27th Quality Summit held in Bengaluru.

• The Union Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers D.V. SadanandaGowda presented the award to Mr. Krishna.

American singer Billie Eilish named Billboard’s 2019 Woman of the Year; Taylor Swift named inaugural ‘Woman of the Decade’ award.

• The famous American singer and songwriter Billie Eilish has been named as Billboard’s 2019 Woman of the Year.

• She is the youngest artist ever to be named Billboard’s Woman of the Year.

• Apart from this, pop star Taylor Swift will also be honoured with the inaugural ‘Woman of the Decade’ award.

• She will be honored for being “one of the most accomplished musical artists of all time over the course of the 2010s”

• Both of them will receive the award on December 12, 2019 at the Billboard Women in Music event in Los Angeles.

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Important Current Affairs 26th November 2019

NATIONAL NEWS

Etawah Lion Safari in Uttar Pradesh opened for public

• The Uttar Pradesh based Etawah Lion Safari, which was formerly known as Etawah  Safari Park and officially as Lion Breeding Center and Multiple Safari Park, Etawah has been opened for public without the lion segment, with effect from November 24, 2019.

• The Safari was inaugurated by the Uttar Pradesh Forest Minister Dara Singh Chauhan.

• It is one of the biggest safari parks in Asia, spread over an area of 350 hectares (860 acres).

• The Etawah lion safari is the first in India to have a lion breeding centre set up with an aim to develop a research facility on Asiatic lions.

70th Constitution Day for India

• The yearlong nationwide activities on Constitution Day are being launched to mark the 70th anniversary of the adoption of the Indian Constitution by the Constituent Assembly, beginning November 26, 2019.

• The day 26th November is celebrated every year as Constitution Day (also known as ‘Samvidhan Divas’).

• These activities aim to reiterate and reorient the citizens towards the values and principles expressed in the Indian Constitution and encouraging all Indians to play their rightful role in strengthening the Indian Democracy.

• The Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India on 26 November 1949, and it came into effect on 26 January 1950.

Maharashtra CM Fadnavis resigns

• Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis and his deputy Ajit Pawar on Tuesday resigned from their posts ahead of the floor test ordered by the Supreme Court. 

• The NCP, the Congress and the Shiv Sena meanwhile unanimously elected Shiv Sena Chief Uddhav Thackeray as the chief ministerial candidate. 

• The MVA has the support of 162 MLAs in the house of 288 and has approached the Governor to stake claim to form the government under Thackeray’s leadership. 

She Shuttles Bus Services in Hyderabad

• Government of Telangana and Cyberabad Security Council (SCSC) Launched She Shuttles Bus Services in Hyderabad for women employees in the IT corridor in the Cyberabad area was launched on 29th June 2015.

• The She Shuttles bus services will run on all the main roads, connecting Hitech City, Madhapur, Gachibowli, Kondapur and other areas from 8 am to 11 pm.

• One bus covers 8 km in the Inorbit-Mind Space-Cyber Tower route and another covers 12 km in the Hitech City railway station-Shilparamam-Kondapur-Gachibowli-Wipro Junction route

• The She Shuttles Bus Mobile app was developed and deployed by Votary Tech, officials said.

• The SCSC officials said that with the smart phone app the passengers can see the location of the bus and track its movement.

• SHE-Shuttles is yet another step forward towards making Hyderabad Safer and Smarter.

Indian Railway Set up Institute of Financial Management (IRIFM) in Hyderabad

• The Indian Railways has set up the Institute of Financial Management (IRIFM) at Moula-Ali, Secunderabad, in Hyderabad district of Telangana.

• The new entity, IRIFM, will impart professional training in management of railway finances.

• The institute was formally inaugurated by Vinod Kumar Yadav, Chairman, Railway Board.

• Rail Vikas Nigam Limited conceived and constructed the project , on a 14-acre campus at a cost of Rs 85 crore.

• IRIFM is a green building that can generate 90% of its own power needs with solar installations on the campus besides a water-recycling plant.

 “Finding a Gaps” authored by Simon Taufel released

• Former Australian cricket umpire Simon Taufel released his book titled “Finding a Gaps” in Kolkata on Nov 24, 2019.

• Simon Taufel is a five-time ICC Umpire of the Year and has been a part of ICC’s Elite Panel of Umpires, till he retired in 2012.

DoT sets up committee to examine the impact of telecom tariff hikes

• The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) has set up an internal committee to examine the impact of the increase in tariff hikes that Vodafone Idea, Bharti Airtel, and Reliance Jio have announced and will come into effect on December 1.

• This committee of secretaries is headed by the Cabinet Secretary Shri Rajiv Gauba and is looking at providing appropriate relief.

Remembering 26/11

• In remembrance of 26/11, the internet paid emotional tributes on the 11th year of the Mumbai attacks.

• Around 166 people died as a result of the attack and over 300 were injured. Several officials including Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan, Sub-Inspector Tukaram Omble, Mumbai Anti Terrorist Squad Chief Hemant Karkare, Havaldar Gajendra Singh and Inspector Vijay Salaskar, were killed.

BANKING AND ECONOMICS

RBI expands scope of SNRR account to popularise rupee in cross-border transactions

• The Reserve Bank of India has expanded the scope of SNRR Account by permitting person resident outside India to open such account.

• Before this, only a person resident outside India, having a business interest in India, was authorised to open a Special Non-Resident Rupee Account (SNRR account) with an authorised dealer for the purpose of putting through bona fide transactions in rupees.

• Now RBI has expanded the scope of SNRR Account by permitting person resident outside India to open such account for:

a.         External Commercial Borrowings in INR;

b.         Trade Credits in INR;

c.         Trade (Export/ Import) Invoicing in INR; and

d.         Business related transactions outside International Financial Service Centre (IFSC) by IFSC units at GIFT city like administrative expenses in INR outside IFSC, INR amount from sale of scrap, government incentives in INR, etc. The account will be maintained with bank in India (outside IFSC).

• Also, earlier there was a restriction that No operations are permissible in the account after seven years from the date of opening of the account. Now this restriction of 7 years has been removed.

AWARDS AND RECOGNITION

Sangram Dahiya & Varsha Varman win double trap national titles at 63rd National Shotgun Shooting Championship

• Sangram Dahiya of Haryana has clinched double trap titles to win gold in men’s category at the 63rd National Shotgun Shooting Championship in New Delhi.

• In women’s category, Varsha Varman of Madhya Pradesh won the double trap gold.

• Besides this, both Sangram and Varsha also won the team gold for their respective States.

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Important Current Affairs 25th November 2019

INTERNATIONAL NEWS

Lt Gen Sahir Shamshad Mirza promoted to the rank of Chief of General Staff: ISPR

• The Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR) announced major appointments and postings on Monday, according to which Lieutenant General Sahir Shamshad Mirza has been appointed Chief of General Staff.

NOMURA'S FOOD VULNERABILITY INDEX (NFVI): India stands 44

About:

• Nomura’s Food Vulnerability Index (NFVI) ranks countries on the basis of their exposure to large swings in food prices.

• NFVI has three components: (1) country’s GDP per person, (2) the share of food in household consumption and (3) the net food imports. Typically, lower per capita GDP, higher share of food in household consumption and high net food imports would make a country more vulnerable to spikes in food prices.

Key findings:

• The 50 countries most vulnerable to food price surges in the coming months largely belong to the Emerging Market group. The top 50 together account for almost 60 per cent of the global population.

• India has been ranked 44 out of 110 countries; a higher rank is worse.

• At 4.6%, India’s retail inflation for October touched a 16-month high because of the jump in food prices. Food inflation grew by almost 8% – almost double the rate of overall retail inflation. Key items that contributed to this rise were pulses (inflation rate 12%) and vegetables (inflation rate 26%) and fish and meat (inflation rate 10%).

• Nomura is an Asia-headquartered financial services group with an integrated global network spanning over 30 countries.

Ocean Dance Festival of Bangladesh begins in Cox’s Bazar on Friday

• The 2019 edition of the four day long Ocean Dance Festival was held in Cox Bazar of Bangladesh from November 22-25, 2019.

• The theme of 2019 festival was ‘Bridging the distance’ or Durotter Shetubandhan.

• Ocean Dance Festival is the largest international dance festival of Bangladesh.

• More than 200 dancers, choreographers and scholars from 15 countries participated in the festival.

• The festival aims to expand cultural tourism in Bangladesh and also to bridge the cultural and economic distances among the countries.

• It was inaugurated by State minister of cultural affairs KM Khalid.

• The festival was organised by the Nrityajog, the Bangladesh wing of World Dance Alliance (WDA).

NATIONAL NEWS

Sangai Festival 2019 Commences in Manipur(21st to 30th November)

• In Manipur, week-long Manipur Sangai Festival 2019 started from Sunday.

• The ‘Festival’ is named after the State animal, Sangai, the brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur.

• The festival is organized by the State Tourism Department and biggest festival held annually to promote tourism.

• The formal inaugural function of the festival was held at Hapta Kangjeibung at Imphal this evening.

• During the festival, cultural programmes, traditional games, folk dance and classical music will be performed by different communities of the State as well as from other States.

• The festival will conclude on the 30th of this month.

AWARDS AND RECOGNITION

Eliud Kipchoge, the first man to run a marathon in less than two hours, and 400 metres hurdles world champion Dalilah Muhammad won the World Athlete of the Year awards.

• Kipchoge, claimed governing body World Athletics’ year-ending prize in Monaco after making history last month when he ran the marathon distance of 42.195 kilometres (26.219 miles) in 1hr 59min 40.2sec. American Muhammad won her award after a magnificent year that saw her set a world record of 52.20 seconds at the US Trials in Iowa in July breaking a record that had stood since 2003.

SPORTS

Davis Cup final: Spain beat Canada with wins for Rafael Nadal & Roberto Bautista Agut

• Rafael Nadal clinched an emotional Davis Cup victory for Spain over Canada when he beat Denis Shapovalov in front of a jubilant home crowd in Madrid.

• Nadal's win gave Spain an unassailable 2-0 lead and a sixth Davis Cup title.

• The world number one has won all eight of his rubbers this week to help Spain to a first title since 2011

Lakshya Sen wins 4th title of the season, claims Scottish Open

• Lakshya Sen has clinched three titles out of the four tournaments that he has played since September -- SaarLorLux Open, Dutch Open, and Belgian International.

• After this win, Lakshya will break into the top-40 in the BWF rankings

• The Scottish Open 2019 was held from November 21- 24, 2019 at Glasgow, Scotland.

India bag 28 medals including 13 gold in U-15 Asian Wrestling C'ships

• In wrestling, India concluded its campaign at the Under-15 Asian Championships with 28 medals, including 13 gold, 14 silver and a bronze.

• The superb show by Indian grapplers continued as they won 5 gold on the last day at Taichung, China yesterday

• For the first time, India finished on top of the team rankings in freestyle category with 225 points as all 10 wrestlers finished on the podium.

• Kazakhstan finished second while Japan was third.

OBITUARY

The General Secretary of the Revolutionary Socialist Party (RSP) and former West Bengal Minister Kshiti Goswami passed away.

Goswami was PWD Minister in Jyoti Basu and Buddhadev Bhattacharjee’s cabinet in the Left Front Government in the State.

Former Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Kailash Joshi has passed away.

He was called as the ‘saint of politics’, served as the state’s chief minister from 1977 to 1978. He was MLA for eight terms and also served as a member of both the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.

SUMMITS AND MOU’S

India to host SCO forum of Young Scientists and Innovators 2020

• India has been chosen to host the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Forum of Young Scientists and Innovators in 2020.

• This decision was taken during the 5th Meeting of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Member States Heads of Ministries and Departments of Science and Technology and Permanent Working Group on S&T Cooperation concluded in Moscow, Russia recently.

• Indian delegation was led by Secretary, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research and Director General Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Dr. Shekhar Mande.

• Apart from this, India will be the host of Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers) of SCO Member States in 2020, which will approve the Draft SCO Roadmap on cooperation between research institutions of SCO Member States for the period 2021-2023.

• SCO has eight full time members namely:

China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, India and Pakistan.

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Important Current Affairs 24th November 2019

PM Modi launches Fit India School grading system

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Fit India School grading system in schools across the country on November 24, 2019.

• The Fit India School rankings have been divided into three categories — The Fit India Schools, which is the first level of ranking, Fit India School (3 star) and Fit India School (5 star).

• Schools can declare themselves as fit by visiting the Fit India portal. Fit India three star and Fit India five star ratings will also be given.

India to host SCO forum of Young Scientists and Innovators next year

• India has been chosen to host the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Forum of Young Scientists and Innovators in 2020.

• Indian delegation was led by Secretary, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research and Director General Council for Scientific and Industrial Research Dr. Shekhar Mande.

• SCO has eight full time members namely:

China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, India and Pakistan.

8th International Tourism Mart Organised at Imphal, Manipur

• The 8th International Tourism Mart has been organised at Imphal, Manipur from 23 November to 25 November, 2019.

• The Theme of 2019 International Tourism Mart is “Sustainable Tourism an engine for Economic Growth and Employment”.

India Ranks 44 in Nomura’s Food Vulnerability Index (NFVI) 2019

• India has been ranked 44 among 110 countries in Food Vulnerability Index (NFVI) 2019, complied by Nomura Global Market Research.

• The NFVI ranks countries on the basis of their exposure to large swings in food prices.

• The higher the rank, the worse is the case.

AIIA signs MoU with Western Sydney University to promote Ayurveda

• The New Delhi based All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA) has inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Western Sydney University, Australia.

• The MoU will promote collaboration in research and help in developing guidelines for integrating Ayurveda principles with modern medicine.

• The exchange of MoU took place on the occasion of the event ‘India- Australia International Education and Research Workshop’ held at the Ambedkar International Centre in New Delhi.

National Tribal Craft Mela 2019 inaugurated in Bhubaneswar

• Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik inaugurated the 7-day long National Tribal Craft Mela-2019 in Bhubaneshwar, Odisha on November 23, 2019.

Indian Army conduct ‘Epic Run 2019’ in West Bengal

• Indian Army conducted the ‘Epic Run 2019’ at Pedong, West Bengal on November 23, 2019 in recognition and respect for the soldiers and their Next of Kin (NOK).

• The Indian Army is commemorating the Year 2019 as the ‘Year of NOK’ (YoNoK).

OECD predicts India’s GDP growth rate in 2020 at 6.2%

• Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has made the following GDP growth rate predictions for India:

• 2019- 5.8%

• 2020- 6.2%

• 2021- 6.4%

• The projections were made in the OECD Economic Outlook’s second edition.

Marathon Man Eliud Kipchoge, Hurdle Heroine Dalilah Muhammad Win Athlete of the Year

• .The pioneering marathon runner Eliud Kipchoge, who is the first man to run a marathon in less than two hours, has won the World Athlete of the Year 2019.

• Besides, the 400 metres hurdles world champion Dalilah Muhammad has been named as the World Athlete of the Year 2019 in women’s category.

Former Madhya Pradesh CM Kailash Joshi Passes Away at 91

• Former Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Shri Kailash Joshi died after a prolonged illness. He was 91.

• He had served as the state’s chief minister from 1977 to 1978.

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Important Current Affairs 23rd November 2019

Devendra Fadnavis Takes Oath as Chief Minister of Maharashtra for Second Term

• Devendra Fadnavis has taken oath as the Maharashtra Chief Minister for the second term.

• Ajit Pawar of Nationalist Congress Party has been sworn in as the deputy CM.

• President’s Rule, which was imposed in Maharashtra on November 12 under Article 356(1), has been revoked.

• The oath was administered by Maharashtra Governor Bhagat Singh Koshyari.

Sub Lieutenant Shivangi is the first-ever woman pilot for Navy

• First woman pilot of Indian Navy will join Naval operations in Kochi on December 2, 2019 two days before the Navy Day.

• Shivangi, who had been undergoing training at the Southern Naval Command, will get authorisation on December 2, 2019 to fly Dornier aircrafts.

India ranks 8th in WHO study on physical activity among adolescents

• As per The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health report of the World Health Organisation (WHO), India has been ranked at 8th spot in terms of the lowest level of insufficient physical activity among adolescents.

• Bangladesh tops the list while USA’s adolescents figure fourth on the list of 146 countries. India is ranked eighth with an overall prevalence of insufficient physical activity in adolescents at 73.9 percent.

Army Dedicates Goodwill Park To Celebrated Soldier Lt. Naib Subedar Chuni Lal

• An Army Goodwill Park has been dedicated by the Indian Army as a tribute to the late Naib Subedar Chuni Lal, at his native Dhara village of Bhaderwah in Doda district of Jammu & Kashmir.

• The park was inaugurated by the Northern Army Commander Lt Gen Ranbir Singh on November 22, 2019.

• Chuni Lal is the most decorated soldier who was awarded with

o Sena Medal in 1987

o Vir Chakra in 2000

o Ashok Chakra (posthumous) in 2007

G20 foreign ministers, including South Korea's Kang Kyung-wha, gather in Nagoya for Japan's last turn as host

• The G20 Foreign Ministers’ Meeting 2019 was held in Nagoya, Japan on November 22 an 23, 2019.

• The G20 is made up of 19 countries and the EU. The 19 countries are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, France, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the UK and the US

World’s biggest Islamic Congregation Aalmi Tablighi Ijtima Begins in Bhopal

• In Madhya Pradesh, the four-day Aalmi Tablighi Ijtima, world’s biggest Islamic Congregation began in Bhopal this morning. More than one million people from 54 countries are expected to attend the congregation which will continue till 25th November.

• Ijtima began in the era of Nawabs in Bhopal and now it has become the identity of Bhopal worldwide.

• The first Alami Tablighi Ijtima took place in Bhopal in 1944.

11th Agrovision: India’s Premier Agri Summit

• The Union Minister for Road Transport & Highways and Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Shri Nitin Gadkari inaugurated the 11th edition of Agrovision, an Agricultural exhibition, which is scheduled from 22-25 November, 2019 at Reshimbagh Ground, Nagpur, Maharashtra.

• Agrovision is one of “India’s Premier Agri Summit” to create a prosperous agrarian society where farmers are well informed about the latest practices and agriculture becomes a remunerative and attractive profession.

• The theme of the 11th Agrovision is “Smart Technologies for Sustainable Development”.

• The new Initiatives in 11th Agrovision includes

o IT in Agriculture

o Start-Ups in Agriculture

o International Pavilion

o MSME Pavilion

Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat releases short documentary fim "Shikhar se Pukar"

• The Union Minister of Jal Shakti, Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat released the short documentary film on Water Conservation titled “Shikhar se Pukar” by author Shri Ravindra Kumar, District Magistrate Bulandshahr.

• The film has been made to promote ‘Jalshakti Abhiyan’ and create awareness about water conservation “Jal Sanrakshan Abhiyan”.

Kalaburagi Airport Inaugurated in Karnataka Under UDAN / RCS

• The Chief Minister Of Karnataka Shri B S Yediyurappa inaugurated the Kalaburagi Airport on November 22.

• The airport has been built under the UDAN-RCS Scheme of Government of India.

• With the operation of Kalaburagi airport, the North-east Karnataka region is set to have air connectivity to Bengaluru and the rest of India under the UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik)-Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS).

Chitharesh Natesan Becomes first Indian to be crowned Mr Universe 2019

• Delhi-based Chitharesh Natesan from Kerala has become the first Indian to be crowned Mr Universe 2019 title at the 11th World Bodybuilding and Physique Sports Championship (WBPF) 2019 held in South Korea from November 5 to 11, 2019.

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Important Current Affairs 22nd November 2019

INTERNATIONAL NEWS

Oxford Word of the Year 2019: climate emergency

• The Oxford Word of the Year 2019 is “climate emergency. “

• Climate emergency is defined as 'a situation in which urgent action is required to reduce or halt climate change and avoid potentially irreversible environmental damage resulting from it.

• The Oxford Word of the Year is a word or expression shown through usage evidence to reflect the ethos, mood, or preoccupations of the passing year, and have lasting potential as a term of cultural significance.

• Analysis of language data collected in the Oxford Corpus shows the rapid rise of climate emergency from relative obscurity to becoming one of the most prominent – and prominently debated – terms of 2019.

Global Terrorism Index 2019: Afghanistan most impacted by terrorism

• The Global Terrorism Index released by the Australia based Institute for Economics & Peace (IEP) ranks 163 countries according to the impact of terrorism on the basis of factors such as the number of attacks, fatalities, injuries and the extent of property damage.

• India has been placed at 7th position in terms of country most impacted by terrorism.

• According to the 2019 Global Terrorism Index (GTI), Afghanistan recorded largest increase in deaths from terrorism.

•  Top 10 countries most impacted by terrorism

1.         Afghanistan

2.         Iraq

3.         Nigeria

4.         Syria

5.         Pakistan

6.         Somalia

7.         India

8.         Yemen

9.         Philippines

10.       Democratic Republic of the Congo

US approves sale of 13 naval guns worth over $1 billion to India

• The United States has approved the sale of 13 MK45 Naval guns and related equipment to India at an estimated cost of $1.0210 billion (approximately Rs 7,331.76 crore).

• The MK 45 5 inch/62 calibre (MOD 4) naval guns will provide the capability to conduct anti-surface warfare and anti-air defense missions while enhancing interoperability with the U.S. and other allied forces.

• India will use the enhanced capability as a deterrent to regional threats and to strengthen its homeland defense.

CII India Europe 29 Business Forum 2019

• Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India are organising 5th edition of the India-Europe 29 Business Forum on 20-21 November 2019 at the Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra, New Delhi, India.

• Focus Sectors

• Artificial Intelligence

• IT & ITeS

• Pharmaceuticals

• Renewable Energy

• Smart Cities, including urban transportation

• Key Outcomes Expected

• Bring together various stakeholders to facilitate dialogue on pre-identified projects.

• Focus on tangible outcomes in terms of building new business partnerships.

• Chart out a roadmap for increased trade and investment by focusing on certain sectors, capitalizing on opportunities in those sectors and removing bottlenecks.

• Create a higher level of awareness of the business climate and incentives provided by each country.

Potential Diarrhea vaccine developed in Sweden

• The researchers of the University of Gothenburg in Sweden have developed a potential Diarrhea vaccine.

• Science journal, The Lancet, reports that it has been proved safe and effective in an early-stage clinical trial in Bangladesh.

• The report said that 80 to 100 per cent of the children aged two to five years and 50 to 80 per cent of infants aged six to eleven months, selected for the study responded to all key immunity generating components of the vaccine.

• The researchers said, there is no vaccine yet for use for children and vaccine development for Diarrhea is a World Health Organization priority.

NATIONAL NEWS

India to host 1st counter-terror exercise for Quad countries

• The National Investigation Agency (NIA) will host the first-ever counter-terrorism exercise for the Quad countries, including India, the US, Japan and Australia, here at its headquarters in New Delhi on November 21 and 22.

• The ‘CT-TTX’ (counter-terrorism table-top exercise) would be the first engagement among the four countries to discuss issues of common interest related to counter-terrorism.

• The purpose of the exercise is to assess and validate counter-terrorism response mechanisms in the light of emerging terrorist threats.

• The table-top exercise also aims at improving the inter-agency cooperation between different counter-terrorism and other agencies of the Quad countries.

4-day Northeast festival in Varanasi from November 23

• The 2019 edition of the ‘Destination North East’ Festival will be held at IIT BHU grounds in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

• The festival is being organised by the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER).

• A four-day festival showcasing art, culture, cuisine, handicrafts and handlooms of the northeastern region will be held for the first time in Varanasi.

• It will be inaugurated by Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Ministry of DoNER, Dr Jitendra Singh.

• All 8 Northeastern states will participate the event to display their handicrafts, handloom, organic products and cultural troupes.

Bengaluru is India’s top-ranked city in new global inclusive prosperity index

• Bangalore has emerged highest-ranked Indian city in the first-ever Prosperity & Inclusion City Seal and Awards (PICSA) Index which features world’s 113 cities in terms of economic and social inclusivity.

• Three Indian city has been listed in the index.

• While Bengaluru is placed at 83rd position, Delhi (101) and Mumbai (107) are the other two Indian cities in the list.

• The index has been topped by Zurich in Switzerland.

• Vienna, Copenhagen, Luxembourg and Helsinki are the top five cities in the index respectively.

• The PICSA Index has been commissioned by Basque institutions and compiled by D&L Partners.

• The index is designed to showcase not only the quantity of economic growth of a city but also its quality and distribution across populations

Microsoft rolls out the K12 Education Transformation Framework widely in India

• The Microsoft K-12 Education Transformation Framework provides a holistic framework to facilitate a comprehensive digital transformation of schools.

•  It comprises of four pillars-Leadership and Policy; Modern Teaching and Learning; Intelligent Environments and Technology Blueprint.

• Microsoft India launched the framework at the second edition of the Microsoft Education Days, which was participated by more than 700 school leaders, educators, students, and Microsoft partners to deliberate on the future of learning.

• To help school principals initiate their journey of digital transformation, the program will offer a series of workshops based on each of these pillars.

• The Microsoft K-12 Education Transformation Framework is an effective, flexible platform based on the latest research and input from hundreds of academics, experts and policy makers.

• Education leaders in more than 50 countries have already adopted the Microsoft K-12 Education Transformation Framework to help plan their learning strategies in partnership with Microsoft.

BANKING AND ECONOMICS

OECD cuts global GDP growth outlook to 2.9% in 2020

• In its latest economic outlook report released on Thursday, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) trimmed the global economic growth forecast to 2.9% in 2020, while the outlook for 2019 remained unchanged, also at 2.9%. The 2020 figure was cut from a 3% forecast in September and marks the lowest growth rate since the financial crisis.

• The outlook for the US was also revised from 2.4% to 2.3%, while the figure for next year has remained the same. Euro area's growth was revised up by 0.1 points to 1.1% in 2019 and 1.1% in 2020. In China, the growth rate drop will be sharper, the report indicated, from 6.2% in 2019 to 5.7% in 2020.

• Also, OECD sees the global economic growth edging back up to 3% in 2021.

AWARDS AND RECOGNITION

Sub Lieutenant Shivangi, 24, first woman pilot of Indian Navy to join duty on December 2

• Shivangi, hailing from Muzzafarpur, Bihar, has created history by becoming the first Indian woman pilot to join the Indian Navy.

• She is set to join naval operations on December 2 in Kochi, two days ahead of Navy Day, which falls on December 4.

• Shivangi will join naval operations as a Lieutenant on completion of her operational training which she has been undergoing at the Southern Naval Command in Kochi.

• After the training, Shivangi will get authorisation to fly dornier aircrafts with effect from December 2.

• Till now, the Indian Navy’s Aviation branch has had women officers operating as air traffic control officers and as ‘observers’ in the aircraft who are responsible for communication and weapons.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

UP rail coach factory to employ India-made humanoid robot Sona 1.5

• The Modern Coach Factory (MCF), Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh has introduced indigenously developed humanoid robot named ‘Sona 1.5’ to transport documents from one place to another.

• The full-service robot Sona 1.5 has been developed by Jaipur based Club First Technologies and will also be used for welcoming visitors, technical interaction, other types of training.

• The robot is said to be the first in the world having human-like spine technology which helps them to balance.

• In addition to this, the humanoid robot is based on navigation and mapping with the help of sensors and reach the target.

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